Wisteria venusta) Image – Wikimedia / Meneerke Bloem. These three types have surpassed the southeastern American species (W. frutescens and W. machrostachya), introduced in the 18th century but now seldom planted here. The seed and seedpod contains a resin and a glycoside called wisterin. Types of Wisteria. Some other varieties of cultivars of this vine also produce flowers that sport a variety of colors including white, pink and deep reddish-violet. Wisteria Flowering Wisteria sinensis Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Rosids Order: Fabales Family: Fabaceae Clade: Hologalegina Clade: Inverted repeat-lacking clade Tribe: Millettieae Genus: Wisteria Nutt. Asian wisterias are popular due to their impressive flowers, but are aggressive growers. PADIGLIONE AGRICOLO BRESSANELLA by a25architetti, Small shoots extending from the main vine, Vines growing in clockwise or anti-clockwise direction. All Rights Reserved. Wisteria is an ideal kind of vine for any nostalgic gardener who loves to grow heavy, hanging flowers with gnarled branches. There aren’t many tanks that this species can’t be added to. From tools to furniture, these garden products are sure to delight. . The Kentucky wisteria grows to an average height of 15 to 25 feet and is one of the most cold-hardy species. Japanese wisteria always grows clockwise. Interestingly, wisteria stemmed from Asia and then became popular in Europe, its largest variety can be found in the United States, particularly in Sierra Madre, California. This includes further ten species of climbing and woody vines, all of which are native to Japan, Korea, and China. 14 varieties of wisteria have been awarded the Award of Garden Merit (AGM), and there are many more, so there’s plenty of choice in purple-blues, blues, pinks and white and many are fragrant - … Although many gardeners on many continents love and grow wisteria, it is considered an invasive species in many parts of the United States, especially the fast-spreading Asian varieties. We'll show you the top 10 most popular house styles, including Cape Cod, country French, Colonial, Victorian, Tudor, Craftsman, cottage, Mediterranean, ranch, and contemporary. They have caused poisoning in children of many countries, producing mild to severe gastro-enteritis. When selecting which wisteria type to grow in your garden you’ll have a choice between Asian wisterias and American wisterias. Commit this name to memory and look for it on plant tags: Wisteria frutescens, commonly called American wisteria.This species is native to the eastern U.S., and it’s hardy in Zones 4-9, meaning it'll grow in most areas of the country.American wisteria can reach dazzling heights of up to 30 feet, and spreads up to 8 feet wide. Its flowering period begins in the late spring and end during the mid-summer season. Consequently, one can not eliminate varieties merely by color alone. These are the most common causes for the death of this plant. American wisterias are tamer and still have gorgeous flowers. This wisteria variety consists of green, pinnate leaves that contain 11-19 lance-shaped leaflets which sport a pretty golden hue during the fall season. Some of the most common and other popular varieties of the Silky wisteria include: This is a strongly scented variety of the Silky wisteria that typically reaches a height of 10 to 20 inches. These clusters are typically 9-12 inches long and are not as long or old hardy as those from the Japanese wisteria. Woodlanders, Aiken, SC W. multijuga - syn W. floribunda W. sinensis - Chinese Wisteria "This is a beautiful vine native to China, and is one of the most widely used of the delightful wisteria. Silky wisterias, also from Japan, deserve equal attention. Often reblooms throughout the growing season. violacea. The racemes, of the flower-growing clusters of this plant, are 6 inches long and really broad with a very strong scent and heavily textured flowers. Wisteria is best defined as a breathtaking but aggressive vine that is likely to steal the beauty show in anyone’s garden. When comparing the different types of wisteria, the choice often boils down to aesthetics and availability. This popular and beautiful vine belongs to the flowering plants of the legume family called Fabaceae (Leguminosae). The flowering period for this type of wisteria is mid-spring to early summer during which this splendid species sports some of the most beautiful fall colors. Photo by: Wiert Nieuman / Shutterstock. This flowering period also occurs once the entire foliage is completely well-developed so when the flowers bloom open, they end up hiding behind the foliage. A Woodlander's introduction." Different Types of Wisteria. Here's how to tell the differences between each architectural style. The flowering period for this plant ranges from early spring to early summer, and the flowers normally bloom over a period of weeks. We include the different varieties grown around the world. This vine grows best under the full or partial sun, and it flowers just after one year of being planted. The flowers of this vine are a stunning white that bloom late in spring or early in the summer before the appearance of the foliage. A reliable choice for gardeners in northern climates. Known hazards of Wisteria sinensis: The seed of all members of this genus is poisonous. Has shorter flower clusters and is not as cold hardy as its Japanese cousin. The wisteria vine got its unique name in the early 19th century a botanist called Thomas Nuttall decided to name it after Dr. Caspar Wistar, who was a famous physician during those times. Because of this rapid growth and dense shade, native canopy trees, understory trees, and shrubs can be smothered or killed beneath the heavy weight of this invasive vine. It is a striking climber that produces masses of 6-inch long hanging sprays with a variety of gorgeous pink and white flowers. . There is limited colour choice within the Wisteria Varieties. This is probably one of the shorter suckers which is around 10 or 15 metres long, and there’s not just one, there are many. It reaches 10 meters in height Lately, some other varieties of the wisteria vine have been introduced to the Eastern United States. This vine, along with its luxurious flowers was initially found in Asia. There are actually two types of Wisteria; Chinese Wisteria (Wisteria sinensis) and Japanese Wisteria (Wisteria foribunda). The good news, however, is that there is a far less invasive alternative to the Asian wisterias that is easier to control: American wisteria, Wisteria flutescens.This woody, deciduous climber is native to low-lying areas of the southeastern United States. Copyright var theDate=new Date() The flowers of this vine are typically blue-violet blossoms that grow in pendulous clusters of almost 30 cm long. The Japanese Wisteria has scented violet flowers that grow in the form of 1 to 3 foot long chain-like clusters which are called racemes. The flowers bloom gradually over a period of weeks. This plant grows really well under the full or partial sun and its flowering period goes on from late spring to early or mid-summer. Flowers often last longer than other wisterias. What’s even more fascinating is that a “Wisteria Festival” is held there every year to honor this luxuriously spectacular vine. Wisteria is found from Maine to Florida, and as far west as Arkansas. This article may include references and links to products and services from one or more of our advertisers.  We may be paid compensation when you click on links to those products and/or services. But there are enough differences between the type to make investigation worthwhile. These stunning flowers bloom during late spring all the way through mid-summer and grow up to 50 cm in length. This vine bears stunning purple-bluish flowers that are less scented than others, and they grow in clusters or racemes that are typically 15-30 cm long. It has the shortest racemes of the wisteria family. Mainly grown in the Carolinas and along the East Coast. It produces masses of hanging sprays with pale lilac flowers that sport a big, white spot. Wisteria may be every gardener’s dream, but they look even more breathtaking on the wall in the front porch of your house. It has leaves that sport a dark green color and contain 15 lance-shaped leaflets. * Required FieldsWe will never sell or distribute your email to any other parties or organizations. But because various wisteria species have similarly-structured leaves, discerning one species from another can be challenging. The Chinese wisteria grows to an average height of 10 to 25 feet, sometimes even higher than that. The two species of wisteria most commonly grown in the United States are Japanese wisteria and Chinese wisteria. Flowers are lilac-blue and bunched in 4- to 6-inch-wide clusters. Includes photos. However, they also are the most aggressive growers and are even considered invasive in some areas of the country. It is also notable mainly for its unique hardiness. These cultivars also appear in a variety of different shades and colors including blue, lavender, deep purple and white. Wisteria is in the pea/bean family. There are over 150 wisteria trees in Kawachi Wisteria Garden, with 22 types of wisteria. Meet Wisteria frutescens, a sedate alternative to Asian wisteria that is native to the southeastern United States.We asked Peggy Cornett, Curator of Plants at Thomas Jefferson’s Monticello, for more information on this underutilized native treasure. If you plant a wisteria, make sure you give it adequate support … The gnarled branches and heavy, hanging flowers of the wisteria make this vine ideal for a nostalgic gardener. Foreign varieties of wisteria include Japanese wisteria (Wisteria floribunda), and Chinese wisteria (Wisteria Sinensis). Wisteria is a genus of about five to seven species of deciduous, … This wisteria is an ideal choice for house walls or large pergolas. What types of Wisteria are there? It is also a woody and deciduous vine that has originated from the southeastern United States. It also needs regular pruning that helps control the shape and size of the plant and boost its flowering process. Compare the five most common species below. So, which variety of wisteria are you going to get for your home? May be trained horizontally, up to 25 feet or further. Botanical name: Wisteria brachybotrys (syn. Wisteria venusta). This is a spectacular plant when restricted and the flowers form curtains of fragrant blossom. Silky wisteria blooms best in full sun, and its flowers burst open all at once during the late spring season. The leaves of this plant contain 91-13 oval shaped leaflets that are initially a stunning shade of copper or bronze. Blooming improves with age and regular pruning. For bonsai the most common species are the Chinese Wisteria (Wisteria sinensis) and the Japanese Wisteria (Wisteria floribunda) which produces the longest flower clusters. The support for this whole pergola is actually this wisteria at this point in time. It blooms really well with age and if they are pruned regularly. This is another popular variety of the Chinese wisteria that has a very sweet fragrance and is a free-flowering deciduous climber. The plant grows to an average height of 10-25 feet and some of its cultivars are available in pretty purple and white colors. Water wisteria is a hardy species, so it can be added to lots of different setups. Find out all about the different types of wisteria with their unique characteristics here. Wisteria floribunda 'Violacea Plena’. This is another variety of Silky wisteria that is loved for its wonderful scent and its plush foliage. Unnamed plants may have been grown from seed and take fifteen years to flower – life’s too short. Heavenly scented, award-winning Wisteria 'Burford' (Japanese Wisteria) is a deciduous climber with a long season of interest. Photo by: Garden World Images Ltd / Alamy Stock Photo. This wisteria species is generally not as heavily scented as the others, and it also has the shortest clusters or racemes in the entire wisteria family. These pendulous racemes typically grow up to 12 inches long; however, several of its cultivars have dramatic racemes that go even beyond 4 feet (120cm)! If you are looking for a tamer form of wisteria, our native species (American wisteria and Kentucky wisteria) are great alternatives that offer the same lush beauty but are slower growing and less likely to overrun your garden. The leaves of the American Wisteria consist of 11-15 leaflets, and the vines grow in an anti-clockwise direction. The plant grows to an average height of 10 to 25 inches and produces very long drooping clusters or racemes. Among seed-grown wisteria, some individuals may not flower for 20 years, while the average is about eight to 10 years after germination. They bloom early during the spring season and are followed by velvety bean-like pods that slowly ripen in the late summer. This variety of wisteria is known for its amazing scent and its beautiful showiness. The term wisteria may be better known as Wisteria Lane, which was the fictional street in the popular show “Desperate Housewives” (which I loved). long (40 cm), with fragrant, pea-like flowers, that are a combination of pale lilac-blue and deep purple with a yellow spot in the throat. Photo by: Garden World Images Ltd / Alamy Stock Photo. The common wisteria (Wisteria sinensis) with its vivacious lilac coloured petals, is perhaps the best known variety of the wisteria family since it has been in circulation for a longer period of time as a result of its great public demand. Make a choice. These species are less aggressive as compared to the Chinese and Japanese wisteria varieties. In late spring or early summer, it produces masses of very long, drooping clusters, up to 16 in. This is one of the darkest purple wisteria cultivars that is famous for its spectacular tresses of sweet-scented violet flowers. The pods of the Asian wisterias have velvety surfaces covered with a downy fuzz while the pods of native wisteria are smooth. Synonyms Diplonyx Raf. Their flowers also last longer than most other wisterias. There are several cultivars with different flower colors, like white, pink and dark purple. The Japanese Wisteria is often referred to as the “vigorous climber” that reaches to a height of 10 to 30 feet on average but can grow even higher than that. It grows to a height of 10 to 30 feet and mainly grown in regions of the East Coast and the Carolinas. There are Chinese, Japanese and silky wisteria to choose from. They bloom best in full sun, and they are also heavily scented which makes them an ideal choice for you to keep in your home. Browse photos, get design ideas & see the hottest plants, Compare the different types of wisteria vines commonly grown in home gardens, Sign up for weekly gardening inspiration and design tips. Most wisteria you see is the mauve Japanese or Chinese species, but there are a number of other varieties available. It consists of masses of really long hanging clusters that typically go up to 40 inches in length. The flowering period for this wisteria begins in the late spring and ends all the way through the early summer season. Wisteria is a very vigorous vine that needs constant attention or it will take over the area in which it grows. The Chinese wisteria is also a vigorous climber that originated from China. Most gardeners are unaware of the wide range of characteristics offered by Wisteria species and their cultivars in terms of bloom season, fragrance, length of flower clusters (racemes), flower colors, fall foliage. The two species of wisteria most commonly grown in the United States are Japanese wisteria and Chinese wisteria. When the racemes of this plant are about 30 cm or 12 inches long, the clusters burst into a spectacular and fragrant flower curtain that greatly attracts the little buzzing bees in early summer or late spring. Get planting advice, garden design tips and trends, monthly checklists for your area, product specials and more in our weekly newsletter. May be trained horizontally, up to 30 feet or further. Chinese Wisteria/Japanese Wisteria Destroys Native Wildlife Habitats This vine grows very rapidly, reaching up to 70 feet with 15 inch trunks. More about the newsletter. Interestingly, all the flowers of the Chinese wisteria bloom and burst together all at once during May, well before the foliage appears. A native found in the Midwest as well as Louisiana and Texas. great quantities of fragrant blue flowers displayed in pendulous racemes. Phaseoloides Duhamel Rehsonia Stritch Wisteria is a genus of flowering plants in the legume family, Fabaceae, that includes ten species of woody climbing bines that are nativ… Japanese Wisteria. Has the latest bloom time, with flowers emerging in June. Photo by: InfoFlowersPlants / Shutterstock. Look at the direction the vines twist around their support structure. An interesting fact is that Chinese Wisteria twists clockwise around objects in its path, while Japanese Wisteria twists counterclockwise. These Asian imports have become the favorites of gardeners because of their showy flower clusters, intense fragrance, and the wide array of color options and cultivars available. Wisteria leaves are distinct and identifying them is usually easy. Often times, this plant also produces absolutely stunning reddish-violet flowers that look breathtaking. There are native, W. frutescens, and non-native types of wisteria, including Japanese wisteria (W. floribunda) and Chinese wisteria (W. sinensis). The flowering period of the silky wisteria begins during late spring and ends during the early summer. It is very woody and strong, and can wrap around a tree trunk and destroy the tree. There are 10 species in the wisteria genus with numerous cultivars, but only two main species are typically planted in gardens in … Wisteria sinensis 'Alba'. These flowers typically bloom in the early season along with their plush leaves. This flower is a very reliable and excellent for gardeners that reside in cold climates. This is a vigorous climber from Japan with vines that grow in an anti-clockwise manner. 10 Types of Wisteria Grown Around the World, 11 Types of Rhododendrons for Your Gardens, Wisteria Floribunda ‘Rosea’ (Pink Japanese Wisteria), Ladybugs (The Secret Ingredient to a Pest Free Garden), 11 Herbs to Grow in Water on Your Windowsill, The Dos, Maybes, and Don’ts of Composting, The Bladderwort Carnivorous Plant (How it Keeps Your Backyard Pond Clean), Cortijo Juan Salvador by Marion Regitko Architects. The Kentucky wisteria has lance-shaped leaves that sport a bright green color and contain 8-10 leaflets. Wisteria is sold in garden centers and nurseries and can be found in numerous home gardens across the country. Wisteria floribunda 'Alba' is a less-common, though highly sought after variety among dedicated gardeners, and has white, elongated flowers. Wisteria macrostachya ‘Blue Moon'. It is a famous deciduous climber with extraordinarily large, heavily-scented clusters that extend up to 30 cm in length. When comparing the different types of wisteria, the choice often boils down to aesthetics and availability. The flowers of this wisteria are a gorgeous pale rose that are further tipped with the color purple. 1- to 3-foot-long chain-like clusters of flowers, called racemes. If they turn counterclockwise, you are growing Chinese wisteria or one of the American varieties. It produces beautiful violet-blue flowers that grow clusters called racemes. “This hardy vine … All the flowers in a cluster open at once, well before the foliage appears. The other thing I’d like to show you is that they throw out suckers. These flowers also contain a large, conspicuous yellow-colored spot that makes them stand out from the rest. Both of these varieties are not native to Northern America, and many U.S states classify wisteria as an invasive species. The flowers of this variety are a stunning shade of lilac with dark violet markings shaped like a pea. Spectacular Blue Moon Wisteria Vine Plant 1-2' Tall Potted Plant Fragrant Flowers Attracts Hummingbirds 2-3 Year Old Plants, in dormancy 3.6 out of 5 stars 270 $24.72 Since the flowers of this plant appear late after the foliage, their cascades are not as long as the ones found on the Asian varieties, however, the beautiful blue-violet flowers do look more pleasant than those of the Asiatic species. The bark contains a glycoside and a resin that are both poisonous. The leaves of the plant are as attractive as its flowers, and they sport a light green color with 7-13 leaflets. With so many types of house styles, narrowing the list down to your favorite can be overwhelming. There are at least four varieties of the Chinese wisteria, Wisteria sinensis, available in Australia: the common mauve; a darker, reddish purple called 'Amethyst'; a white called 'Alba'; and another white, 'Jako', which is more strongly scented. Those first exported Asian wisteria seeds were just as variable, and so were their offspring. The flowers of most varieties are heavily scented. Wisteria frutescens 'Amethyst Falls'. Known as silky wisteria or white wisteria, it is a species native to Japan. Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited. As an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases. * Required | We will never sell or distribute your email to any other parties or organizations. Some of the most common and other popular varieties of the Chinese wisteria include: Like many other wisteria species, this variety is also quite well-known for its exceptional fragrance and ethereal beauty. The leaves of the Silky wisteria have 9-11 leaflets, initially with silky hair that turn a gorgeous yellow-golden shade during the fall season. Check that your water conditions are suitable and make sure that you don’t have any problematic fish that are likely to destroy the plant. The clusters are typically 4 to 6 inches, and the lilac-blue flowers of this plant are bunched together in those clusters. Wisteria venusta var. It produces oval, elliptical shaped leaves with 13-19 leaflets that are usually bronze or pale green in color when young and gradually turn into a gorgeous yellow during the fall season. There are two incredible wisteria tunnels, where wisteria has been trained to grow up a long row of arches and its flowers hang down as if in a scene from a fairytale. The American wisteria is obviously native to the United States, as the name suggests and is a highly popular choice among a majority of the northern gardeners who wish to grow a wisteria vine. It also has one of the latest bloom times, so the flowers of this plant emerge sometime in June. . Many plants grown from seed can be genetically variable with any number of characteristics resulting in the offspring. Some of the most common and other popular varieties of the Japanese wisteria include: This is an award-winning type of Japanese wisteria that is duly noted for its beautiful floral display and its wonderful fragrance. Photo by: blickwinkel / Alamy Stock Photo. They belong to the genus Wisteria, which is made up of ten species of which we will see the most popular below. Chinese and Japanese wisterias are the most widely sold types. What Size of Bean Bag Chair Should I Buy? Types of wisteria: When it comes to wisteria there are two types: Asian and American. The flowering period for this wisteria is early spring during which the gorgeous flowers bloom into colors before the appearance of the leaves. Discover unique garden products curated by the Garden Design editors, plus items you can use to solve problems in your garden right now, and best sellers from around the web. Since it produces flowers just after growing for 2 to 3 years, it has quite a reputation for being the quickest wisteria to bloom. document.write(theDate.getFullYear()) This wisteria is believed to be the most romantic of all the species in the wisteria family and is truly a show-stopper. There are many different types of wisteria vines that grow in North Carolina, but only one species, the American wisteria, is native to the state. Japanese wisteria is a floribunda with blossoms in twenty inch clusters. There are many good wisteria varieties & hybrids. See below Description. Compare the most common types of wisteria. The leaves turn a striking shade of yellow in the fall season which easily enhances the beauty of any garden. Some common characteristics and features of the wisteria plant include: Below are some of the popular and common varieties of wisteria that most gardeners wish to grow. . The original species types of wisteria, came from Japan, Korea, China, together with Central and Southern USA. The Wisteria Festival is held there each year to pay homage to the vine. Unfortunately, these varieties can be difficult to find at local nurseries, but you can often purchase them from mail-order suppliers. The flowering period of this wisteria begins in the late spring and goes on to repeat intermittently during the summer season. Unlike its Japanese cousin, this plant grows well in partial shade and often under full sun, too. Wisteria is commonly described as a vigorous climbing shrub that has been blessed with an abundance of rich and plush foliage, coupled with magnificent, blooming flowers that burst wide open usually during the colorful spring season. This is more of a slender vigorous climber with vines that grow in an anti-clockwise direction. Phonetic Spelling wis-TEER-ee-ah froo-TESS-enz This plant has medium severity poison characteristics. It might be a cold-hardy kind of vine, but if looked after properly and given the right growing conditions, this vine will bloom into mesmerizing cascades of luscious purple-violet flowers that will take your breath away. Chinese wisteria has a Japanese relative, Wisteria floribunda.It requires similar conditions, but the flower color is more lavender-purple, and the flower clusters are longer. Also look at the seedpods. Kraunhia Raf. After a few centuries, they were introduced to the Americas and Europe sometime during the 1800s. Wisteria brachybotrys (syn. The bean-like pods of this vine ripen in late summer and may even keep ripening till the early winter season.
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